real caesar salad

How to Make a Real Caesar Salad & Dressing

The Best Salad in the World?

Jump to the end to download the definitive Caesar recipe or read along for the ride to end up there.

Salad is not something most people get excited about. It is often an afterthought pushed around the plate to make you look vaguely healthy.

Why has the Caesar salad risen to the plate filling status that we give it? Some say it is the lettuce, others the croutons, few say it's the anchovies, and most say the dressing.

We've all eaten something served up as homemade Caesar salad or at a restaurant, but Caesar salad ingredients and Caesar salad recipes (and quality) vary wildly.

This story rights the wrongs committed against the classic Caesar salad and sets out the best recipes and variations.

traditional caesar salad recipe

The Origin Story of Caesar Salad

Wind back the clock to Mexico in the 1920s, before Caesar salad was on the menu at every Cheesecake Factory and Texas Roadhouse.

In a restaurant in Tijuana, Italian Caesar Cardini invented the salad that still bears his name. Those seeking the authentic always ask for a Caesar Cardini or Cardini dressing.

Interestingly the recipe does not have anchovies in it; instead, it uses Worcestershire sauce for that piquant bite. It is a lovely recipe but quite minimalist compared to its modern, fully loaded descendants.

Caesar Salad Lettuce

If anyone tries to offer you a Caesar salad made with buttercrunch lettuce, or heaven forbid, kale, run, run for the hills. If Caesar dressing is the mortar, then Romaine lettuce leaves are the bricks.

The stiff, crunchy leaves of Romaine, also known as Cos lettuce, with their scoop-shaped cups make the perfect foundation to cradle toppings in the best Caesar salad.

The whole reason for this story came about because I had a lovely row of Romaine lettuces all ready at once in the garden, and we ate Caesar Salads for two weeks straight, trying all the different variations.

How to Grow Romaine Lettuce

5 tips for growing Romaine lettuces:

  1. Space lettuces 20cm (8 inches) apart
  2. Plant nearby taller crops to provide some shade if you're in a hot area
  3. Keep the water up to them, or they will be bitter and stunted
  4. Harvest them when the heads feel firm and heavy, approximately 60 days.
  5. Don't try and regrow them from the roots after cutting. You're taking up valuable garden real estate for an inferior result. Just sow more seed once a month, so you always have new lettuces coming on.
when to pick romaine lettuce

The Best Croutons for Caesar Salad

Some people show up just for the croutons. What is not to love about fried bread masquerading as something healthy?

Sad, stale cubes of tooth-breakingly hard bread that are "ready-made" croutons have no place in the best Caesar salad or any salad for that matter.

One of the most successful elements from the traditional Caesar salad recipe is the way Cardini did the croutons. It is now my go-to recipe for croutons, whatever salad I'm making.

best homemade crouton recipe

Caesar Crouton Recipe

  • 2 cloves fresh garlic
  • ¼ teaspoon of sea salt
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil
  • 50 – 100 g (2 – 4 oz) of good white bread
  1. Cube and toast the bread until just crunchy in a low oven.
  2. Mash the garlic and salt to a smooth paste with a pestle and mortar and gradually mix in the olive oil.
  3. Strain the garlicky oil into a pan and warm it gently, then toss the bread cubes through it until well coated and set them aside.

Best Caesar Salad Dressing Recipe

The best Caesar dressing recipe is the one you love. But if you are new to homemade Caesar dressing and want to stop buying Kraft, we have you covered with these four dressing recipes.

Traditional Caesar Salad Dressing

The original Caesar dressing without anchovies is mixed on the salad when you serve it. For every head of lettuce, your Caesar dressing ingredients are:

  • 75 ml (3 fl oz) extra virgin olive oil
  • Juice from ½ a lemon
  • 1 very soft boiled egg
  • 4 drops of Worcestershire sauce
  • Sea Salt and fresh ground black pepper

The method is to toss the well-dried lettuce leaves in the oil, season with salt and pepper, sprinkle with lemon juice and Worcestershire sauce, and toss again, then finally crack the soft boiled egg and give a final toss before adding the grated Parmesan and croutons.

Given that the original was for guests visiting Tijuana to escape prohibition, I can see this dressing's hangover cure potential. Still, it is a bit raw eggy for me. When I add eggs I prefer them hard boiled to the jammy yolk stage, like the image below.

best Caesar dressing recipe

Creamy Caesar Dressing

My personal favorite and possibly the closest to modern Caesar dressings is a recipe I learned in 2005 from a day class at a fancy cook school. I've adapted it over the years into something approaching perfect.

You can get this, and the full salad recipe at the bottom of the page to download, print, and share.

Vegan Caesar dressing recipe

A dressing that relies on fish, eggs, and cheese for its flavor will be a tall order to make vegan friendly on the surface. However, it is surprisingly simple.

Replace the anchovies or Worcester sauce with a teaspoon of miso paste and replace the egg yolk and oil emulsion with ½ a cup of cashew nuts soaked overnight with a couple of tablespoons of olive oil for flavor.

Blend all with water until you get the consistency you're after. The cheese you won't miss as the miso packs such a flavor punch.

Healthy Caesar Dressing

All food is healthy in moderation. But, if a dressing based on oil sends your calorie counter spinning, then try this Light Caesar Dressing from Kathi and Rachel at Laughing Spatula. 

A healthy Caesar salad is also down to the other ingredients, not just the dressing. Go light on the oily croutons or replace them with baked cubes of sweet potato. Leave off the crispy bacon and add less grated Parmesan.

Chicken Caesar Salad Recipe

No story of the classic Caesar salad would be complete without a grilled chicken Caesar salad recipe. I have two methods for chicken Caesar:

Method 1: Marinade Chicken Breasts

Marinade chicken breast fillets in olive oil, lemon juice, and chopped fresh herbs for 30 minutes, then cook on a hot grill and set aside to rest.  Slice onto the salad before serving.

Method 2: Leftover Turkey or Chicken

Slice leftover roast chicken and fry leftover bread and herb stuffing for croutons and sprinkle over the salad before serving. This roast Caesar salad also works brilliantly with Turkey leftovers. 

leftover turkey or chicken Caesar salad recipe

However you enjoy your Caesar salad, please make it homemade. We'd love to hear your version of the classic Caesar, too, so please share.

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